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In America’s Navy, nearly every mission is affected by ocean and weather. It’s up to Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Officers to deliver timely, accurate data and forecasts to ensure mission success.
Planning an air strike. Charting the best course for a deployed ship. Identifying currents that affect a submarine underway. Whatever the scenario, meteorology and oceanography are factors that inevitably come into play. And Officers in this field help lead efforts to ensure safe and successful operations as they:
Whether operating in the air, at sea or below it, Navy equipment, people and decision making all rely on the technical and tactical advice of Navy Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Officers. They apply expertise in all facets of oceanography, meteorology, hydrography, and precise time and astronomy as they:
Serving part-time as a Reservist, your duties will be carried out during your scheduled drilling and training periods. During monthly drilling, Meteorology and Oceanography Officers in the Navy Reserve typically work at a location close to their homes.
For Annual Training, they may serve anywhere in the world, whether on ships or at facilities on land, both home and abroad.
Take a moment to learn more about the general roles and responsibilities of Reservists.
Most of what you do in the Navy Reserve is considered training. The basic Navy Reserve commitment involves training a minimum of one weekend a month (referred to as drilling) and two weeks a year (referred to as Annual Training) – or the equivalent.
Meteorology and Oceanography Officers in the Navy Reserve serve in an Officer role. Before receiving the ongoing professional training that comes with this job, initial training requirements must be met.
For current or former Navy Officers (NAVET): Prior experience satisfies the initial leadership training requirement – so you will not need to go through Officer Training again.
For current or former Officers of military branches other than the Navy (OSVET) as well as for Officer candidates without prior military experience: You will need to meet the initial leadership training requirement by attending the 12-day Direct Commission Officer (DCO) School in Newport, R.I. This will count as your first Annual Training.
Beyond professional credentials and certifications, Meteorology and Oceanography Officers can advance their education by:
Oceanography and Meteorology Officers eventually earn a dual master's degree in meteorology and physical oceanography at Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) in Monterey, Calif. There are opportunities to receive informal business training in areas such as budget/finance, manpower, and research and development. And beyond that, you could potentially earn a doctoral degree while being paid full-time as a Navy Officer.
A four-year degree is required to work as a Meteorology and Oceanography Officer. Candidates seeking an Officer position in this community must have a bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited institution in a technical field, preferably in areas of study such as physics, physics-based oceanography, meteorology, hydrography, earth science; or engineering.
All candidates must also be U.S. citizens, eligible for a secret security clearance and qualified for sea duty.