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It’s a universal rule: Things break down. In the Navy, this requires skilled specialists to fix, replace and monitor a huge variety of machines, vehicles and systems. They are those who are called upon to keep everything safe and operational - all in order to keep America’s Navy on the move and functioning at the highest level.
Within Navy industrial and mechanical technology, there are distinct focus areas that have their own training paths and job descriptions:
Boatswain’s Mate (BM) – BMs repair, maintain and stow equipment in preparation for and during underway operations.
Engineman (EN) – ENs operate, service and repair internal combustion engines (usually diesel) on ships and small craft. They also operate and maintain refrigeration and air conditioning systems, air compressors, desalinization plants and small auxiliary boilers.
Gas Turbine Systems Technician, Mechanical (GSM) – GSMs operate, repair and maintain mechanical components of gas turbine engines, main propulsion machinery and auxiliary propulsion control systems.
Gunner’s Mate (GM) – GMs operate and maintain guided missile launching systems, gun mounts and other ordnance equipment, as well as small arms and magazines.
Hull Maintenance Technician (HT) – HTs perform metal work to keep shipboard structures and surfaces in good condition. They also maintain shipboard plumbing and marine sanitation systems and repair small boats.
Machinery Repairman (MR) – MRs operate machine tools to make replacement parts for ship engines and auxiliary systems. Also repair deck equipment including winches and hoists, condensers and heat exchange devices.
Machinist’s Mate (MM) – MMs operate and maintain steam turbines and gears for ship propulsion and auxiliary machinery. They also maintain electrohydraulic steering engines, refrigeration plants, air conditioning systems and desalinization plants.
Mineman (MN) – MNs assist in the detection and neutralization of underwater mines. They also test, assemble and maintain underwater explosive devices, and ensure proper repair and performance of the mine.
In the field of mechanical and industrial technology, specialists serve in diverse locations – including bases, ports of call, critical disaster areas and development areas, with land-based aircraft squadrons or on board aircraft carriers, indoors or outdoors, in a shop environment or in office surroundings.
Serving part-time as a Reservist, your duties will be carried out during your scheduled drilling and training periods. During monthly drilling, Sailors in the Navy Reserve typically work at a location close to their homes.
For annual training, Sailors may serve anywhere in the world, whether on a ship at sea or bases and installations on shore.
Take a moment to learn more about the general roles and responsibilities of Reservists.
Upon completion of initial 7–9 week Recruit Training (known as Boot Camp), those pursuing a role in mechanical and industrial technology attend “A” school, where they receive formal Navy technical training in their specific field.
Skills continue to be enhanced through on-the-job training and experience. Advanced training goes along with career progression. Promotion opportunities are regularly available but competitive and based on performance. It’s also important to note that specialized training received and work experience gained in the course of service can lead to valuable credentialing and occupational opportunities in related fields.
For those interested in pursuing a mechanical and industrial technology career within the prestigious Naval Nuclear community, learn more about opportunities in the field of nuclear operations.
Most of what you do in the Navy Reserve is considered training. The basic Navy Reserve commitment involves training a minimum of one weekend a month (referred to as drilling) and two weeks a year (referred to as Annual Training) – or the equivalent of that.
Individuals in mechanical and industrial technology in the Navy Reserve serve in an Enlisted role. Before receiving the ongoing professional training that comes with the job, initial training requirements must be met.
For current or former military Enlisted servicemembers: Prior experience satisfies the initial Recruit Training requirement – so you will not need to go through Boot Camp again.
For those without prior military experience: You will need to meet the initial Recruit Training requirement by attending Boot Camp for seven to nine weeks in Great Lakes, Ill. This training course will prepare you for service in the Navy Reserve and count as your first Annual Training.
Beyond offering access to professional credentials and certifications, Navy technical and operational training can translate to credit hours toward a bachelor’s or associate degree through the American Council on Education. You may also continue your education through opportunities like the following:
A high school diploma or equivalent is required to become an Enlisted Sailor in the mechanical and industrial technology field in the Navy. Those seeking a position should have an interest in machinery, mechanics and related skills. Citizenship requirements may vary.
General qualifications may vary depending upon whether you’re currently serving, whether you’ve served before or whether you’ve never served before.